What is the treatment?
Warts are a growth on the skin that is caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Usually, it occurs on a broken skin as the virus can easily enter through the top layer of the skin. In most of the cases, warts subside by themselves in a few months or years. Warts may grow on any part of your body and they can grow bigger and are prone to spread to other parts of the body as well.
The human immune system is quite powerful to destroy the papillomavirus which leads to the formation of warts. But they come back after a year or two, demanding for treatment. Even though warts are normally harmless, they can be painful and irritable. Also, it is very irritating as warts grow bigger and start spreading to other parts of the body.
There are several ways of treating warts, and an expert can guide you well regarding the options of treatment. The two most commonly chosen treatment options include strong chemical peels and freezing or Cryotherapy. In the case of the chemical peels, a strong concentration of salicylic acid is administered by experts. Before determining which treatment would suit you the most, your doctor would consider the location of the wart, the arising symptoms, and your personal preferences.
How is the treatment done?
The primary objective of the warts treatment is to destroy warts. It also encourages the immune system to fight back the virus so that any future occurrences can be mitigated. The peeling treatment includes salicylic acid concentrations in prescribed strengths. It is administered in little amounts in the affected area which gradually remove the warts layer by layer.
Freezing therapy is yet another form of warts treatment where liquid nitrogen is applied to the affected area. It leads to the formation of a blister around and under the wart. Afterward, the dead tissue falls away within a couple of days.
Cryotherapy is chosen by many doctors since it trains the immune system to form antibody for fighting viral warts. It is found that the combination of salicylic acid and freezing therapy can give most effective results. In some instances, salicylic acid cannot be used due to resistance or allergy of the patient. Doctors may try trichloroacetic or bi chloroacetic acid if salicylic acid is unable to offer desired results.
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Any individual who wants to get rid of warts may consider the freezing or salicylic treatment for removal of warts. Even though adults can manage warts, children often get hurt by picking or biting warts which cause excessive pain and irritation. But before deciding on anything, it is recommended to consult with an expert who can guide you better. Even if salicylic acid treatment or Cryotherapy may not work for a particular patient, then the expert can suggest viable alternatives such as laser therapy.
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
The treatment for warts cannot be easy and effective for some people, especially those who are pregnant, prone to allergies and have an excessive risk of infection. Plus, some people are not able to tolerate the pain associated with these treatments. People who have developed warts in areas that are very sensitive may not be able to take the wart treatment. This is because the treatment affects the skin surrounding warts and in some cases, the area in close vicinity cannot bear the effects, for instance, the skin near the eyes.
Are there any side effects?
Scarring is the most important side effect of wart treatment, and it can be permanent. Patients who are not ready to live with the scar of warts may look for other options. It is also seen that the warts treatment leads to infection in case of some individuals. This is especially true in the case of patients with high blood sugar, peripheral arterial disease, and immunity problems. Also, patients with the history of recurrent warts may have to look for more aggressive treatment methods for curing warts.
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
The post-treatment care depends on the method that has been administered to the patient. Most doctors begin the treatment with the least painful methods, and it is important to follow the instructions given by the expert. The burning and stinging sensation can be alleviated with the use of ice packs. And to lessen the pain caused by the treatment, the patient would be given painkillers to help ease the discomfort.
How long does it take to recover?
Once the wart treatment is over, it takes about a few days to a couple of weeks depending on the type and intensity of the treatment. The side effects like blistering, swelling and pain can take about four to five days for recovery. On the other hand, the discolouration of the skin may be permanent, and the patient may seek resort to other treatment methods for treating the issue.
What is the price of the treatment in India?
The price of wart removal varies according to the treatment option. It also depends on the number of warts that have to be removed. But it can be said that in India, the treatment for wart removal can be availed at Rs. 500. The patient has to come for several sessions of wart removal for desired results and so the cost keeps on adding up.
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
The treatment of warts can have permanent results although one may need several sessions to achieve the desired results depending on the individual conditions of the patient. Besides administering the treatment for warts, it is also important to strengthen the immune system so that the body can combat the virus causing warts.
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Besides the conventional wart treatments, there are other methods of treating warts as well. These include an application of cantharidin on warts. Most individuals don’t feel any discomfort in this process, but some blistering may start after 3 to 8 hours.
If warts do not subside after one treatment, the expert would suggest another session. Another way is burning warts, but it is not recommended since it leaves behind significant scars. But it is the only way out for warts that have not responded to other treatments. Cryosurgery is the surgical option which helps in removal of warts without affecting the skin around.
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